Faculties with industrial background and visiting guest faculties from reputed laboratories bridge the gap between academic learning and industrial needs. It provides excellent learning platform to both student and researcher staff alike. The department has a large collection of reference books and software packages. Study of Boiler and Boiler Parts. Trace the cooling water circulation of a surface condenser with cooling tower.
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- Top-10 Mechanical Measuring Instruments
- P&ID Symbols (Complete List)
- Industrial Instrumentation and Control: An Introduction to the Basic Principles
- Mechanical Engineering Technicians
- Different Types of Mechanical Measuring Tools and Gauges Used on Ships
- What is a LVDT?
- PCE Instruments UK: Test Instruments
Top-10 Mechanical Measuring Instruments
It includes quality management system requirements along with technical requirements. In general use, calibration is often regarded as including the process of adjusting the output or indication on a measurement instrument to agree with value of the applied standard, within a specified accuracy however this is actually two processes: calibration and adjustment. It is also important to understand what is being calibrated and how the calibration is being performed.
As an example, consider a digital thermometer that uses an external temperature probe; some calibration service providers will perform the calibration using a simulated temperature value that is applied to the thermometer only i.
Here, a test instrument is attached to the digital thermometer and a voltage equivalent to a specific temperature is applied to the digital thermometer. The result is recorded, and the thermometer is then considered to be calibrated. The value displayed by the system being tested is then compared against the standard the system with a known or assigned accuracy from the first paragraph. Calibration defines the accuracy and quality of measurements recorded using a piece of equipment.
To be confident in the results being measured, there is an ongoing need to maintain the calibration of equipment throughout its lifetime for reliable, accurate and repeatable measurements. The goal of calibration is to minimise any measurement uncertainty by ensuring the accuracy of test equipment. Calibration quantifies and controls errors or uncertainties within measurement processes to an acceptable level. Within catering, or commercial kitchens, the implications of using a piece of equipment that has not been calibrated could be that a critical food temperature is incorrectly measured; this could result in:.
All of which result in damage to the reputation of a business. Failure to calibrate or improper calibration has been the cause of injury, death and even major environmental disasters. Consider the cost of calibration as an investment and the potential results of an incorrect reading as the cost of not making the investment.
For most industries, the standard is to calibrate annually. Most calibration laboratories supply a printed calibration certificate for the customer to retain as proof of quality standards. In summary, calibration is vitally important wherever measurements are important; it enables users and businesses to have confidence in the results that they monitor record and subsequently control.
Why is Calibration so Important? Food Industry Within catering, or commercial kitchens, the implications of using a piece of equipment that has not been calibrated could be that a critical food temperature is incorrectly measured; this could result in: A food safety issue Breach of HACCP and customers being ill Environmental Health Officer notices of closure Legal action All of which result in damage to the reputation of a business.
How Often to Calibrate?
Mechanical gauges are instruments that measure pressure, dimensions, levels, etc. They can be mechanical or electro-mechanical devices and offer displays ranging from direct-reading rules to digital LCDs. Gauges which measure pressure are classified as analog or digital depending on their readouts. Dimensional gauges are classified by what they measure, be it bore diameter, depth, or height, and are specific to machining processes. Level gauges measure the level of fluid in tanks and pressure vessels.
P&ID Symbols (Complete List)
Machinery onboard ships require regular care and maintenance so that their working life and efficiency can be increased, and the cost of operation, which includes unnecessary breakdowns and spares, can be reduced. For different types of machinery and systems, various measuring tools, instruments and gauges are used on a ship. Measuring instruments and gauges are used to measure various parameters such as clearance, diameter, depth, ovality, trueness, etc. These are critical engineering parameters, which describe the condition of the working machinery. Below, we have compiled a list of mechanical measuring instruments and mechanical gauges which are extensively used on the ship for the recording of different parameters. There are many instruments, tools and gauges which are used on a daily basis onboard ship for measurement, fault finding, wear down etc. They are used to measure lengths and other geometrical parameters.
Industrial Instrumentation and Control: An Introduction to the Basic Principles
Try Lucidchart. It's quick, easy, and completely free. They are typically created by engineers who are designing a manufacturing process for a physical plant. With the record they provide, changes can be planned safely and effectively using Management of Change MOC. They can also be useful in training workers and contractors. Specifications are usually provided in separate documents. But they are incredibly useful in many ways, including:.
This is an easy method of converting the unit of drawing but it will work only for AutoCAD and later versions. Open Sample. Now, look at the command line prompt which looks like the image shown below. In this case, the millimeter option is in third place and hence typing 3 and pressing enter will select millimeter as drawing unit. Similarly, from other prompts use options as shown below. Select yes from both of these prompts. Your drawing is now converted to metric with millimeter as drawing unit. This method of converting unit is destructive in nature and you will lose a lot of data from your drawing, mostly named objects like layers, blocks, and linetypes. Open a new session of AutoCAD and click on New Drawing from the application menu, a template selection window will appear select acadiso.
Mechanical Engineering Technicians
A measuring instrument is a device for measuring a physical quantity. In the physical sciences , quality assurance , and engineering , measurement is the activity of obtaining and comparing physical quantities of real-world objects and events. Established standard objects and events are used as units , and the process of measurement gives a number relating the item under study and the referenced unit of measurement. Measuring instruments, and formal test methods which define the instrument's use, are the means by which these relations of numbers are obtained.
A flow meter or flow sensor is an instrument used to measure linear, nonlinear, mass or volumetric flow rate of a liquid or a gas. When choosing flowmeters, one should consider such intangible factors as familiarity of plant personnel, their experience with calibration and maintenance, spare parts availability, and mean time between failure history, etc. It is also recommended that the cost of the installation be computed only after taking these steps. One of the most common flow measurement mistakes is the reversal of this sequence: instead of selecting a sensor which will perform properly, an attempt is made to justify the use of a device because it is less expensive. Those "inexpensive" purchases can be the most costly installations. This page will help you better understand flow meters, but you can also speak to our application engineers at anytime if you have any special flow measurement challenges. First Steps to Choose the Right Flow Meter The first step in flow sensor selection is to determine if the flowrate information should be continuous or totalized, and whether this information is needed locally or remotely. If remotely, should the transmission be analog, digital, or shared? And, if shared, what is the required minimum data-update frequency? Once these questions are answered, an evaluation of the properties and flow characteristics of the process fluid, and of the piping that will accommodate the flowmeter, should take place. In order to approach this task in a systematic manner, forms have been developed, requiring that the following types of data be filled in for each application: Download the Flowmeter Evaluation Form.
Different Types of Mechanical Measuring Tools and Gauges Used on Ships
What is a LVDT?
Percentage Error. Measurement is the basic requirement of almost every science experiment and theory. Be it studying about units and dimensions of a body or going through deep theories of electricity and magnetism, we need measurement in everything to understand the basic concepts behind it. Every measurement involves some form of uncertainty in the experiment. The reason behind the wrong measurement is uncertainty in the instrument.
PCE Instruments UK: Test Instruments
Mechanical engineering technicians help mechanical engineers design, develop, test, and manufacture mechanical devices. Mechanical engineering technicians assist with manufacturing processes in factories or with development phases in research and development labs before manufacturing takes place. Prospective engineering technicians should take as many science and math courses as possible while in high school.
PCE Instruments PCE is an international supplier of test instruments, tools and equipment for measuring, weighing and control systems. Founded by German engineers nearly two decades ago, PCE offers more than test instruments with applications in industrial engineering and process control, manufacturing quality assurance, scientific research, trade industries and beyond.
In this article, we will discuss the basic concepts and principles that govern the operation of industrial plants. Concepts associated with measurements of flow, level, temperature and pressure, electronics and pneumatics instrumentation, control loops, PID control, and others will be addressed. Someone once asked a colleague what his occupation was.
Here is some most commonly used mechanical instruments for measurement in industries. Learn all top instruments in our Free Online Course. Highlights of this blog in this Video.