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Manufacture factory textile and knitwear waste

Manufacture factory textile and knitwear waste

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VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Flowchart of textiles♣ cotton(textiles fiber) to garment(Textiles process)

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Student code a Hemel Bhuiya. No academic degree has been applied for based on this material. All works, major viewpoints and data of the other authors used in this thesis have been referenced. Supervisor: … Chairman of theses defence commission Abstract In Bangladesh textile and garment businesses are growing at a high rate, as global demand for clothing rises fast.

This clothing industry affords the socio-economic growth rapidly in Bangladesh. Massive production of textile and clothing generate a huge amount of solid waste and causing a lack of raw materials. Many environmental degradations and losing financial gain are also in prime concern in Bangladesh due to unsustainable garment industries solid waste management. Upcycling the garment solid waste in Bangladesh is a possible sustainable solution to this problem. Upcycling is a creative and sustainable way where waste is reused to make a new product.

This study intends to provide an extensive analysis of the garment solid waste management system in Bangladesh and finding the penetrating power of upcycling as a sustainable alternative waste management tool. Update theoretical data has been described through introductory chapter followed by the chapters textile waste and garment industry in Bangladesh. This theoretical part of the study that covers the impacts of fast fashion, different types of garments solid waste sources and solid waste management systems including upcycling.

An online survey carried out among the random garment industries from Bangladesh about their current solid waste management system, the perspective of upcycling and barriers to start upcycling. The author analyses the data retrieved from the survey result submitted by different garment factories from Bangladesh. Although there have some barriers to apply upcycling, still respondents positive attitude towards upcycling indicates its potentiality as a sustainable waste management tool in the Bangladeshi clothing sector.

A problem discussion followed by the purpose will result in the presentation of the research questions forming the study. Limitations of the study will end the introductory part. The garment industry is an important sector in Bangladesh. On the other hand, this massive manufacturing activity of clothing and its supportive industries produce a lot of solid waste.

Due to the lack of proper waste management, this wastes pose a serious threat on the environment and losing the economical potentiality. This study will find out the impacts of fashion industry on the environment, current scenario of solid waste management in the apparel industry and assess the upcycling of garments solid waste which is relatively more environmental and economic sustainable way.

If each and everyone owns at least one shirt, one pant and one jacket that would be more than 21 billion pieces of clothes. The amount of clothing in supply chain changed meaningfully from to , the number of garments annually bought per person increased over one-third, and the life cycle of clothing decreased by half [2].

A technical report from WRAP Waste and Resources Action Programme shows that estimated total amount of 5, million items are owned by approximately 50 million adult population of UK in [3]. Clothes are one of the most important basic need in the daily life of a human. Fashion is also an effective way for people to convey their personality.

As a material form of expression, fashion apparel is important to our personal and social relationships, linked to how we live and see ourselves within society [4]. So, the manufacturing, usage, disposal and further demand for clothes is a continuous process. And this demand of the fashion trend is also changing rapidly according to the seasons and wants of the society at the times.

Fashion Industry development focused on increasing the volume of material flow through mass production and on accelerating the rate of retail turnover through greater integration in the global supply chain, during the last 25 years [5]. Meanwhile, computer technology, social media and globalization transformed the entire process, enabling retailers to design, manufacture and ship products much faster and more efficiently.

This cheap, trendy, popular clothing chains which rapidly change their inventory and styles. With the rise of little accumulations of stock, retailers are urging customers to visit their stores all the more every now and again with the thought of 'Here Today, Gone Tomorrow'. During the era of fast fashion, in order to increase the variety of fashion apparel in the market, the concept of adding more phase to the existing season. So the additional 3 to 5 mid-season forced huge pressure on suppliers to deliver smaller batches with reduced lead time [8].

The textile and clothing sector have different social and environmental impacts during material cultivation, manufacturing processes, logistic phases and during use and disposal stages Table 1. In textile and clothing production cycles are speeding up, and hence manufacturing and consumption volumes are ever-increasing while simultaneously the life span of products are shortening.

The explosion of consumption in the Western world adds to the environmental load of industrial processes and increases waste streams [9]. At the same time clothing supplier industries has moved with increasing speed and volume into low-cost Asian and Far East countries. These circumstances contribute to the environmental pollution, poor working environment, unexpected accident in the workplace, decreasing natural resources and increasing waste in those supplier countries.

The clothes should either be biodegradable by becoming nutrients for the earth, or be able to go back into the recovery cycle. Clothing needs to be designed for a cradle to cradle life cycle.

Although fashion plays very significant role by engaging everyone, but the fashion industry also contributes significantly to and is affected by the environmental degradation and social challenges we are now facing [10]. The textile supply chain is of a highly complex nature requiring extensive international, national, and local supply chain networks that must respond to the frequent changes in product lines and styles [12]. The textile and fashion consumption in the world has been consistently increasing over the years.

Resource extraction, water and land use implicate serious environmental problems: destruction of fertile land, water shortages, toxic pollution etc. Most of the environmental problems can be associated with material consumption and disposal, since material inputs become waste outputs [16].

Though in there was a little fall but recuperated in , since the global fiber consumption is rising high. Figure 1: Annual global fiber consumption [34] Above figure shows that cotton and synthetic fibers are the main fibers used in fashion and textiles by market volume.

It is also showing that demand for cotton fibers has been approximately constant, while demand for synthetic fibers has nearly doubled for the year on average. Water is a lifeline across the supply chain of textile and fashion production, and thus pollutes a significant amount of water.

Average water use per kilogram of textile for only cotton cultivation and another stage for all fibers to identify the most water consuming stage Table 2. Conventional cotton farming is harmful for the air, water, soil, and people living in the area of cotton growing.

In the production of a single cotton T-shirt, one-third pound of agricultural chemicals is used [15]. Wastewater from textile production is often difficult to treat because the chemical composition varies.

As an example, in , textile production ranked third among major industries in China in terms of total wastewater discharge, emitting over 2. The manufacture of cotton textiles also has negative impacts through the use and flushing and improper disposal of dye. A huge discrepancy is existing already between water supply and demand. Moreover, the extraction and processing of materials involve higher environmental concern [15]. The apparel sector is often easily using the environmental resources for the goods and service and the result is that our natural resources are being used at an unsustainable rate and being spoiled.

The fashion textile industry is now considered one of the most polluting and resource-intensive industries in the world [13]. According to textile exchange global market report on sustainable textiles, 1 trillion kilowatt hours are used every year by the global textile industry. Figure 2 shows the energy consumption of a T-shirt in the four major phases in the life cycle. Total energy consumption is approximately MJ per T-shirt.

Polyester is the dominant synthetic fiber used by volume and the production of polyester is problematic either [2]. Firstly, it is produced from crude oil, a non-renewable resource, making the long-term production of this fiber uncertain [20].

Secondly, the manufacturing process involves high energy inputs which, unless sourced from renewable energy, generate large amounts of particulates, CO2, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, sulphur oxides and carbon monoxide subsequently released as atmospheric emissions [21]. Energy requirement for the spun of one tonne polyester fiber requires between , and , MJ, while for cotton fiber requires 11,MJ to 25,MJ [20].

Around 8, different synthetic chemicals are used throughout the world to turn raw materials into textiles, countless of which may be released into freshwater systems [22]. Only one-third of the textile waste is composed of natural fiber, the rest is synthetic which do not decompose [13].

Textile and fashion industry is a long chain including raw materials production, complement production, clothing production and so on [23].

In this trade involves goods to be transported and international fuel-based transport is important because at least one-third of global cotton fiber is exported from its country of origin [24].

The transport and shipping of the raw materials and final products are requiring time and energy. While distribution of the garment within Germany is more high and total contribution is grams of CO2 for each T-shirt [24].

Figure 3: The journey of a T-shirt: from the cotton field in the U. Commonly transportation for the long destination is truck, ship and airplane or any combination of them that, release other harmful pollutants into the atmosphere by burning huge amount of fossil fuel. These energy sources are also depending on fossil fuels and the resultant is toxic pollutants.

Burning 1. The production and consumer use phase each account for almost one- third of total emissions of a T-shirt. Globally above 90 million clothing items end up in landfill spots every year and directly contributing to the environmental problems including the emission of greenhouse gases [13]. According to IPCC3 methane gas is 25 times more powerful at warming the atmosphere than carbon dioxide Around 10 billion KG of cotton was used for apparel making in and estimated cradle-to-gate impact of used cotton within the global apparel industry is A crucial social issue from fast fashion is unethical production.

To maintain the low price for the product manufacturer, need to source cheap raw material and cheap workforce within a short lead time, and long working hours. This industry became the backbone of the economy of Bangladesh. Clothing production is labor intensive, involving relatively low start-up costs and easily transferable technology. Labor requirements can be met with low and semi-skilled workers, especially women. Consequently, countries with competitive labor costs, especially in South and East Asia, have been able to capture significant shares of the world market [29].

Those are the main reasons for boosting this garments industry in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the third largest clothing producer and exporter following China and the European Union.

It is predicted that the garment industries of Bangladesh will continue its growth and will adopt the market place triple by [30]. An important point regarding the environmental impacts of the garment and fashion concerns the issue of solid waste, produced mainly in the stages of garment manufacturing. Commercially, garments the production of garments influences solid waste generation: the higher the production, the greater the amount of waste.

Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability.

Fashion for Good is a platform for sustainable innovation that calls for industry-wide collaboration. Their aim is to make all fashion good, through their Accelorator and Scaling programs. Garment workers will be upskilled from the sewing lines into new positions, where they are paid enough to thrive, not just survive. Innovations in automation, made-to-measure and 3D printing will make zero-waste manufacturing the norm. Softwear Automation — This company has created Sewbots, autonomous robots that use patented robotics and revolutionary machine vision to move fabric to and through the needle quickly and efficiently, without the need for human hands. How quickly?

Building efficiency into garment manufacturing

We can always guarantee the ecological sustainability of our garments, because we have developed our own global textile and manufacturing supply chain. By monitoring our source materials and the recycling process in detail, we can ensure that the quality of our products meets the standards of our clients and their customers. With the help of the best experts and suppliers in the industry, we have reached a level of textile quality that is the same, and in many cases better, than that of traditional fabrics. Instead, we concentrate on basic garments. We believe everyone should have the possibility to make a better choice with Pure Waste. We then sort it by quality and color. The color of the waste, defines the color of the final product.

Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes

На каждом из них находился по крайней мере один раскрашенный шарик, изображавший звезду. Вертикальный стержень в самом центре модели, с желтой сферой на верхушке, поднимался над платформой примерно на полтора метра. - Это, конечно, - пояснил Ричард, - наше Солнце. Вот здесь сейчас находимся мы, а точнее, Рама - в этом квадранте, на одной четверти пути, разделяющего Солнце и нашу ближнюю соседку - желтую звезду Тау Кита.

Вот Сириус, возле которого мы побывали, когда гостили в Узле. Николь ходила по модели, разглядывая звездных соседей Солнца.

Там Николь ничто не грозит.

Когда Верховный Оптимизатор начнет говорить, проволоки оживут и будут передавать его речь движением усиков-антенн. Поле внизу, если прибегать к земным аналогиям, было покрыто огромным полотнищем с цветовыми полосами, спускавшимся с шестов в нижней части - Может ли твой аппарат прочесть написанное на.

- спросила Элли - Ну, что. - проговорил Ричард, все еще ошеломленный великолепием - Там на полотнище лозунг, - сказала Элли, указывая. - Прочти-ка. - Так значит, - начал медленно Ричард. - Изобилие - это еда, вода, энергия, информация, равновесие .


Спросила Николь. - В смятении последнего дня мне не удалось по-настоящему поговорить с. - Он казался каким-то отстраненным, - ответила Симона, - но не сомневался в том, что принял правильное решение. Патрик считает, что пройдут, вероятно, недели, прежде чем он сможет разобраться во всех чувствах, которые пережил за последние двадцать четыре часа.

Ты явно с трудом добираешься до истины. - Действительно, - он пересек комнату и дважды торопливо нажал кнопку возле ее постели.

Они услышали пронзительный звук, исходящий от мирмикота, находившегося уже примерно в пятидесяти метрах от них по коридору.

- Он зовет нас, - сказал Орел. Николь медленно направила свое кресло вперед, так чтобы Орлу было удобно идти.

- Ричард никогда не говорил мне, что эти создания передают информацию от поколения к поколению. - Он не знал. Ричард _вычислил_ их метаморфический цикл и понял, что мирмикоты передают информацию сети или паутине, зови их как хочешь.

Но он не подозревал, что наиболее важные элементы их коллективной информации хранятся в манно-дынях и передаются следующему поколению. Можно не говорить, как это сложно и насколько увеличивает жизнестойкость Николь была потрясена словами Орла.

May 8, - This research is focused on recycling the waste fabric into fibers. The main aim is to develop new apparel product by using recycled fiber, yarn, fabrics. For this purpose, the cutting waste from the knitted garment manufacturing industries was collected and utilized for the recycling process.

Но требовать, чтобы все принесли себя в жертву ради Галилея, тоже неправильно". Она ощутила прикосновение к руке и повернула голову. Рядом с ней стояла Синий Доктор. - Как ты себя чувствуешь. - спросила октопаучиха на своем языке. - Теперь лучше, - ответила Николь, - но сегодня пришлось нелегко. Синий Доктор обследовала Николь с помощью монитора.

- Сегодня было два довольно серьезных приступа, - сказала Николь своему лечащему врачу.

Интересно, сколько еще явится человек. Вчера Совет проголосовал за продление бойкота еще на три дня. Хотя Большой Блок учел перечень всех жалоб и даже уговорил октопауков, которых в восемь раз больше, чем людей, выделить землянам достаточно времени для исключительного пользования общественными помещениями, Совет все же решил, что не добился адекватной реакции.

На заседании Совета обсуждали меры по ужесточению бойкота. Некоторые из наиболее красноречивых ораторов потребовали установить наказание для игнорирующих резолюцию о бойкоте.

В конце концов собрание постановило, что порученцам Совета следует активно заняться теми людьми, которые пренебрегают рекомендациями и продолжают встречаться с другими видами разумных существ.

Слева протекал небольшой ручей. Трое детей лет восьми-десяти бросали камешки в небольшую запруду за плотиной, перекрывшей ручей. Николь глядела из окна на идеально воспроизведенные поля, деревья и холмы и вдруг ощутила себя молодой, полной жизни. "А почему бы им не починить .

А что сказал Геркулес: слово "сложно" у него сопровождается цифрой пять, "увеличивает" - цифрой шесть. Цифры указывают на интенсивность проявления объекта, а поскольку система счисления октопауков восьмерична, диапазон сравнительных степеней укладывается между 1 и 7. Если бы Геркулес использовал "семерку", то слово "сложно" надо было бы переводить "предельно сложно"; ну а если бы он ограничился "двойкой" в той же фразе, переводить следовало бы "не слишком сложно".

- Ошибки в понимании степеней прилагательных, хотя они безусловно важны, - сказал Ричард, рассеянно поигрывая небольшим процессором, - почти никогда не приводят к непониманию.

Большой Блок остался на обсервационной палубе, а Николь и ее спутница вышли в большой коридор, окружавший космический аппарат. Синий Доктор объяснила Николь, как узнавать места, где останавливаются маленькие вагончики. Октопаучиха также проинформировала Николь, что люди располагаются в третьем луче, если считать оба направления от причала челнока.

Октопауки занимают два луча, расположенные по часовой стрелке от - Четвертый и пятый лучи, - цветовыми полосами проговорила Синий Доктор, - сконструированы .

Они торопились во тьме по Центральной равнине. Ричард расположился на переднем сиденье, возле водителя, за ним - Арчи, Элли и Никки. Ричард обернулся назад и напомнил Арчи о пяти типах биотов в Новом Эдеме.

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