Explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union. Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes. Prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits and vinegar; tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes. Products of the chemical or allied industries. Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof.
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- Insect Pests of the Home Vegetable Garden
- STORAGE CROPS • Post-Harvest Handling & Storage Guidelines
- Home Vegetable Gardening in New Mexico
- Research Projects
- 11 Unique Types of Asian Vegetables and Produce to Try
- Nu Genes Private Limited
- Pest Management Regulatory Agency Annual Report 2015-2016
Insect Pests of the Home Vegetable GardenVIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Melon Growing. How to plant, grow and harvest - 2/2
Print friendly PDF. This publication provides general information for growing vegetables in home gardens in New Mexico. Circular B includes a map showing New Mexico growing zones, as well as a table providing crop variety recommendations, recommended planting dates, days to harvest, planting instructions, and yield information.
A well-planned vegetable garden can provide nutritious, high-quality, fresh vegetables for the whole family. A ft by ft garden will provide enough growing area for an average family. Though a well-maintained vegetable garden can be a lot of work, the outdoor exercise will mean better health for all involved. These eight steps will lead to a successful garden. The types of vegetables that can be grown in home gardens in New Mexico are generally determined by the length of the growing season.
There are three major growing zones in New Mexico—north, central, and south—based on the average number of frost-free days refer to Circular B. Crops like okra and watermelons have difficulty maturing in areas with short growing seasons like Los Alamos. Kale, on the other hand, does not fare well in areas with hot summer weather like Roswell.
Growing periods for individual gardens within a zone may vary as much as 20 days due to microenvironments—variations in elevation, site exposure, soil type, and air drainage.
Higher elevations generally have a shorter growing season. However, because cold air is heavier than warm air, it can drain into valley areas. Therefore, gardens in a valley in the spring tend to be colder than those on the upper slopes of the valley. Gardens with a southern exposure tend to warm up sooner in the spring than those with a northern exposure. Gardeners can take advantage of microenvironments in the garden to extend the growing season. Planting watermelons near a block wall with a southern exposure increases the average temperature surrounding the melon vines.
Heat absorbed by the wall during the day will be radiated back to the atmosphere at night. Painting the wall black will increase the effect. Conversely, planting leaf lettuce on the north side of a house in the shade can help extend its growing season into the late spring. Cooler, shady growing conditions reduce respiration, keeping sugar levels higher in the plants. Raised beds warm up sooner in the spring than a level garden. Maximum effect is achieved by planting on the south side of a bed running east to west.
Beds can be mounded up with a shovel or contained with lumber or bricks. Soil and ambient temperatures can also be modified using various types of mulches. Organic mulches like dry bluegrass or fescue clippings no more than 1 in. Do not use common Bermudagrass clippings, which may contain seed or stolons modified stems that may root.
Weed-free straw makes an excellent mulch. Organic mulches should be used around cool-season crops like lettuce or spinach. Synthetic clear and black plastic mulches help warm the soil and promote early spring growth of warm-season crops like tomatoes and melons. Black plastics are preferred because weeds can germinate under clear plastic. However, many gardeners are replacing black plastic with black perforated plastic or landscape fabrics weed barriers that allow the soil to breathe and water to penetrate.
White plastic non-translucent and aluminum foil mulches help cool the soil aluminum foil also tends to repel aphids. Jars, bottles, or hot caps can be placed over seeds and transplants in the garden during the early spring to speed germination and early growth of both cool- and warm-season vegetables.
Containers may need to be removed during the heat of day for ventilation. Plastic sleeves filled with water that absorb heat during the day are often placed around tomato transplants during the spring to protect them from freezing at night.
Plastic grow tunnels may be used in larger gardens to protect a whole row of tomato or melon plants in the spring. Some products have vertical slits that permit ventilation during the hot part of the day. Row covers of opaque woven polyester allow air and water to penetrate while warming the soil and plants beneath.
Row covers over single-stem plants such as tomatoes may have to be supported with wire hoops to keep them from blowing in the wind and damaging plants. Outside edges should be kept in place with soil. Transplants can be grown in cold frames, hot beds, or greenhouses and later transferred to the garden to get crops off to an early start.
Since management of these "growth chambers" is quite intense, most gardeners prefer to buy transplants from a local nursery.
When selecting the site for your garden, make sure the soil is deep and well drained. Hardpans compacted layers of soil and caliche layers of calcium carbonate near the soil surface can become major problems. Raised beds may need to be used if drainage problems cannot be solved. Most vegetables, whether grown in short or long growing season areas, prefer full sun. Vegetable gardens should be located away from trees that may shade the garden.
Tree roots may also compete for water and nutrients. Windbreaks such as trees, fences, and walls a safe distance to the southwest of the garden are encouraged to protect young seedlings from prevailing winds in the spring.
Fences may be needed to protect crops from rodents, stray pets, or wildlife. The garden should have easy access to water and tools used to work the soil. Aesthetics may dictate that the garden be hidden from public view, especially unsightly compost piles. The size of the garden depends on your available time, family needs, land availability, and water requirements. The size of the garden also dictates what types of crops you can grow. Crops like leaf lettuce, spinach, radishes, and other vegetables that occupy relatively little space are the crops of choice in smaller gardens.
Sprawling vine crops like pumpkins or watermelons need substantial space. Determinate or "bush" vine crop varieties require less space however, and can be considered for smaller gardens. Make a list of vegetables you would like to grow. Consider how much space is available, how many people are in your family and their taste preferences, as well as your facilities for canning, freezing, or drying surplus produce.
Make sure there is enough garden space to raise all the vegetables you want to grow. Before ordering seed in the winter, make a map of your garden to scale to determine placement of crops throughout the growing season. Taller crops like corn should be placed on the north side of the garden where they won't shade shorter crops.
Shade-tolerant leafy vegetables can be grown in partial-shade areas. Mapping your garden also helps in crop rotations. Closely related crops often have the same insect or disease problems and should not follow each other in a crop rotation. A number of techniques can be used to grow more crops in the same area. For example, radishes planted in the early spring can be replaced by green beans in the summer.
The green beans, in turn, can be replaced by fall-planted garlic. This process of planting three crops one after another in the same growing season is called "succession" planting.
Crops like pumpkins will tolerate partial shade and can be planted between sweet corn. This is called "intercropping. Highly colored crops like 'Ruby' leaf lettuce or herbs with pretty flowers like chives, sage, or dill can be planted in flowerbeds for their aesthetic value, creating an edible landscape. Melons and cucumbers can be trained up fences to save room and help prevent fruit rots.
Order seed early from reputable companies to ensure high-quality seed. Do not save seed from hybrids planted the year before since the seed will not produce "true-to-form" progeny. If possible, order varieties with resistance to diseases that plague your garden. Check with your neighbors, friends, or your local Cooperative Extension Service office for recommendations on varieties that have performed well in your area, or refer to NMSU Cooperative Extension Circular Try several varieties, taking notes on performance throughout the season.
Your notes can be used the following year in making decisions on what varieties to order. The ideal soil should be deep, well drained, and fertile, and should contain plenty of organic matter and retain moisture well.
It should also be friable easily worked and reasonably free of stones. Soils vary in texture size of soil particles from sandy coarse particles to clay fine particles. Silts fall between sandy and clay textures, while loams are mixtures of all three particle sizes. Sandy soils tend to be low in fertility and do not hold water well. Clay soils often drain poorly, crack severely when dry, and become very sticky when wet.
Sandy loam soils are ideal for producing most vegetables. Most soils in New Mexico are low in organic matter, and adding organic matter to your garden soil will help improve its structure.
Adding organic matter to a sandy soil improves both its water-holding capacity and its cation exchange capacity, or the ability of the soil to retain nutrients for plant uptake. Adding organic matter to clay soils aerates these soils and improves their drainage. Use lighter rates when applying chicken manure since it tends to be a "hotter" manure higher in nitrogen than manure from larger livestock like cattle and horses.
Fresh manure should only be applied in the fall so it has the time to break down in the soil. Heat-treated or composted manures are preferred because fresh manure can introduce weed seeds into the garden. Fresh manure applied in the spring often burns young seedlings due to the high salt content of the manure. Large amounts of organic matter can be added to the soil using "green manure" crops—crops that are grown specifically to be incorporated back into the soil.
The most popular green manure crops are winter wheat, barley, oats, and rye. Seed can be obtained from most local farm feed stores and should be liberally scattered around the garden in late summer or early fall. Rake the seed into the soil around existing vegetables, then water.
Vacuum impregnation is a non-destructive method of introducing a solution with a specific composition to the porous matrices of fruit and vegetables. Mass transfer in this process is a result of mechanically induced differences in pressure. Vacuum impregnation makes it possible to fill large volumes of intercellular spaces in tissues of fruit and vegetables, thus modifying physico-chemical properties and sensory attributes of products. This method may be used, e. Additionally, bioactive compounds may be introduced together with impregnating solutions, thus improving health-promoting properties of the product or facilitating production of functional food. At present methods are being searched to provide food with high health-promoting value, at the same time characterized by desirable sensory attributes.
STORAGE CROPS • Post-Harvest Handling & Storage Guidelines
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Home Vegetable Gardening in New Mexico
Print friendly PDF. This publication provides general information for growing vegetables in home gardens in New Mexico. Circular B includes a map showing New Mexico growing zones, as well as a table providing crop variety recommendations, recommended planting dates, days to harvest, planting instructions, and yield information. A well-planned vegetable garden can provide nutritious, high-quality, fresh vegetables for the whole family. A ft by ft garden will provide enough growing area for an average family. Though a well-maintained vegetable garden can be a lot of work, the outdoor exercise will mean better health for all involved.
Extend your selling season or personal enjoyment of storage crops with proper post-harvest handling and holding conditions. Crops that fit into the classic storage-crop category include most — though not all — root vegetables and tuberous vegetables; hard-shell cucurbits, that is, winter squashes and pumpkins; and some head crops, typically those that are brassicaceous, such as cabbages. Grains, beans, and dried flowers, too, can be considered types of storage crops, though they are handled differently. Optimal storage conditions as well as holding times vary by crop and type — and in some cases by variety, environmental conditions, and season or timing of harvest. Here's a quick guide to post-harvest handling and storage of classic storage crops. First we cover some practical considerations , then provide basic, crop-by-crop specifics. A lot of people shy away from storage because they think they have to maintain perfect conditions to keep the produce in storage as long as possible, but that's not necessarily the case. Here are some guidelines to keep in mind. Because most people think of root crops and tubers first when they think of storage crops, we provide information for them first, then alliums, brassicas, and curcurbits, including a few examples of our recommended favorites and top-performing varieties. Tip: 'Bolero' is the best variety for harvesting in late fall, and will hold for up to 6 months under the above-noted conditions.
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Twelve millennia ago, humankind moved into the Neolithic era and discovered that food, feed and fibre could be produced from the cultivation of plants. This discovery has led to the food and fibre supply that feeds and clothes more than 5 billion people today. This general profile of the agricultural industry includes its evolution and structure, economic importance of different crop commodities and characteristics of the industry and workforce. Agricultural workforce systems involve three types of major activities:. The agriculture system is shown as four major processes. These processes represent sequential phases in crop production. The agricultural system produces food, feed and fibre as well as consequences for occupational health and, more generally, public health and the environment. Major commodities, such as wheat or sugar, are outputs from agriculture that are used as food, animal feed or fibre. They are represented in this chapter by a series of articles that address processes, occupational hazards and preventive actions specific to each commodity sector. Animal feed and forage are discussed in the chapter Livestock rearing.
11 Unique Types of Asian Vegetables and Produce to Try
Asian vegetables and produce belong in every home cook's repertoire. Asian cuisine refers to the foods from a region that is home to more than half the world's population. Because of the term's vast geographic mass, some ingredients are used across many regions, while others are specific to one or a few regions. For instance, lemongrass, predominant in Southeast Asian cooking, isn't used in East Asian cuisines, but ginger is used throughout the continent. Alternate Names: Nam tao, bottle gourd, cucuzza squash, calabash, yugao, long squash, bau, Italian edible gourd, New Guinea bean, Tasmania bean, snake gourd, po gua, kwa kwa, upo, dudi. Characteristics: This long, smooth-skinned gourd has a mild taste somewhat reminiscent of zucchini.
Nu Genes Private Limited
In , XPCC realized a total output value of Land for agricultural use includes: farmland of 0. Xinjiang has minerals of complete types and large reserves, broad development prospect. Out of the known kinds of minerals in China , Xinjiang has discovered kinds with verified resource reserves of kinds, including 5 kinds of reserves ranking fi rst in China , 24 kinds in the first five places in China , 43 kinds in the first ten places in China , 23 kinds ranking first in the northwest. Xinjiang has rich reserves of petroleum, natural gas, coal, gold, chromium, copper, nickel, rare metals, salt minerals, bentonite, building materials and nonmetallic materials. According to forecast, Xinjiang has forecast coal stock size of 2.
Pest Management Regulatory Agency Annual Report 2015-2016
Ben Phillips advocates the pursuit of a number of techniques to successfully pollinate greenhouse vegetables. Which fruiting vegetable crops work well in the greenhouse?
PMRA continues to be committed to upholding high standards of health and environmental protection, and to meeting work performance expectations for its core pesticide regulatory activities. It is also important to keep pace with change, and PMRA relies on stakeholder feedback to assess our priorities against the needs and expectations of Canadians. In —, PMRA received significant input through a number of committees, consultations and audits. The Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, under the authority of the Auditor General, conducted an audit of the pesticide regulatory program and published its report in January
The generic IPM Guideline for vegetable crops is now available. Click here to download. The impacts of neonicotinoid use in horticulture has led to public concerns around the use of these agrichemicals in crops and as seed treatments. Public concerns focus particularly on impacts on the environment, the effect on the health of bees and colony collapse, and a decline in insect numbers in many countries, as well as human health and food safety issues.
Прощай, Ричард". Сны приходили один за другим, иногда без перерыва. Генри осмеивал ее темную кожу, а затем сверхнастырный коллега из Медицинского института остановил ее руку, не дав совершить скверную ошибку во время простейшей тонзиллэктомии [удаление миндалин]. Потом Николь гуляла по песчаному пляжу, а над головой трудились черные облака.